On 20th November 1989, the General Assembly of the United Nations agreed that children needed a special convention for them and adopted the United Nations “Convention on the Rights of the Child” (UNCRC). The UNCRC is the most widely ratified international convention in history and recognizes that all children have human rights as well as the right to special care and protection. The 54 articles of the UNCRC incorporate universal standards for virtually every aspects of the child’s life such as health care, education, legal and social services, and special protection measures. The UNCRC came into effect in Hong Kong in 1994. The governments that have ratified the UNCRC have legally agreed to realize, protect and promote the rights mentioned in the Convention. They will be monitored by the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child.
Source of information: The Hong Kong committee on Children’s rights